Challenges facing the Nigerian youth

Challenges facing the Nigerian youth in a globalisied world

Globalisation is a new historical reality that is propelled by knowledge and technological advancement. The rapid expansion of markets across national boundaries and the socio-political effects it brings, has grave implications for developing countries including Nigeria. There is consensus that less developed and technologically disadvantaged countries shall be unable to take advantage of the increased opportunities that globalisation provides and are to be increasingly powerless and marginalised. (Bolton, 2007; Anao, 2002).

Evidently, successful integration into the global economy shall be a tall order for Nigeria, considering the perceived challenges that confront majority of Nigeria’s overwhelming youth population. These include:

Restricted access to functional and qualitative education

Despite enormous progress made in educational outcomes, there are still many young people who lack basic skills needed to support their post-school life. Though high enrolment are reported in many States under the UBE scheme, early dropouts, grade repetition and poor education quality mean that many enter adolescence poorly prepared and ill-equipped for work and life.

According to the National Bureau of Statistics (2006) 33% of persons aged 15 years and above could not read or write in any language. Higher literacy rate (79.6%) was recorded for urban areas. The primary school completion rate at the national level is dismal. Only 47% of children had access to secondary school (69.3%, urban and 37.5%, rural); The South West reported highest figure of 69.4%, followed by South-South (48%) and South East recording the lowest (32.3%). As many as 43.4% expressed dissatisfaction with their secondary education. The level of satisfaction was highest in South West (74.8%) and lowest in North East (42.1%).

Furthermore, there are proven significant shortfalls in available educational infrastructure to provide access to a functional and qualitative [VOCATION-ORIENTED] education for all Nigeria children and youths if the Millennium Development Goals are to be met.

Worse still, the curriculum content and delivery of our school system are hardly consistent with post-school employment requirements. Currently, the consequences of our failure to effectively implement the 6-3-3-4 education system are stirring us at the face. ICT penetration has been insignificant for the majority of children and youths, except for the rich.

Grossly limited access to employment

Succinctly put, transition from school to work remains a major challenge, such that many young persons end up either unemployed or underemployed in the informal sector with little or no protection and prospects (UNECA, 2006). Currently, the expansion of employment opportunities is far below the growth in the youth population, partly because of lack of commensurate investments and appropriate technologies.

Prolonged dependence on imported goods, ranging from tooth picks to tissue papers, polished rice to house hold furniture, paints, cars, textiles and second hand wears etc in preference to anything “Made in Nigeria” goods, has tacitly undermined genuine attempts to boost local production efforts.

Locally manufactured goods are perceived as substandard, fake, imitation, corrupted and unreliable. Nigeria’s 140 million population has in stead provided ready market and supported the economy and labour force of other countries. Cheap and substandard goods “from abroad” have for long been dumped on gullible Nigerians; all depleting the forex needs of the nation and displacing local workforce. India, South Korea, Singapore and Malaysia are worthy examples of economies that have developed from within. Nigeria must chat its course in a determined and aggressive manner if she must assert its identity and survive.

Lack of access to business support funds and migration

Aggravated by lack of economic opportunities like soft loans or grants to start businesses, most ill-prepared youths migrate to urban areas or to other countries at great risk, even untimely death, to seek often elusive greener pastures. Dashed hopes easily propel most vulnerable ones to crime, prostitution, drugs, robberies, cult-related activities, militancy etc.

Lack of access to reliable health support

As in most developing countries, youths in Nigeria are vulnerable to debilitating diseases and various health problems associated with inadequate national healthcare services, poverty and promiscuity. The high incidence of HIV/AIDs among Nigerian youth is a matter of national concern. This poses one of the greatest challenges to sustainable development..

Over-dependence on oil

According to the United Nations Security Council’s Global Policy Forum, “Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa, is also one of the best endowed in terms of natural resources. Yet, it is one of the poorest countries in the world. As is the case with many oil-rich developing countries, oil reserves have proved a mixed blessing for Nigeria. Since 1974, only 14 years after independence, oil production for export has been by far the main source of revenue for the government. (Either by choice or default) ... The oil industry has expanded in Nigeria at the expense of other previously important production sectors, such as agriculture and manufacturing. This has created regional imbalances and an increasingly unequal distribution of wealth between different sectors of society, deepening the potential for conflict in this complex multi-ethnic nation. “

Report from Essential Action & Global Exchange - "Oil for Nothing: Multinational Corps, Environmental Destruction, Death &: Impunity in the Niger Delta".

This persistent trend has accounted largely for Nigeria’s woes and has justifiably agitated the citizenry, particularly its teaming youth population. The implication has been overdependence on expatriates who dominate and man the industry to the detriment of nationals. A holistic response, backed with the requisite political will is urgently required to return the country to the part of rectitude.

Over exposure to negative western cultures

Aided by the proliferation of information technology through cable networks, the internet, advanced mobile communication facilities, the world has indeed become a global village. The negative consequences however is that most Nigerian youths who are not productively engaged are hooked on to strange western cultures emulated through these media that alienate them further from their traditional roots. Drug use and abuse, violence, promiscuity, access to ammunitions, gangsterism etc, are known to be negative behaviours that are learnt and made lifestyles through these channels.

Distanced from cherished cultural values

The well acknowledged decay of time tested and highly regarded traditional value systems are pointers to the generational gap created in contemporary Nigeria to the detriment of its youth, who will emerge as the custodians of our respective cultures and leaders of tomorrow. This gap erodes the identity and rich cultural heritage that has remained a source of our national pride among the comity of nations. Embedded in this heritage is the culture of duty, hard work, social and civic responsibility, sense of dignity in labour, productivity, honesty, transparency, respect for elders and the status quo.

Over exposure to the culture of greed and corruption

Today’s youth are the real victims of Nigeria’s resource-curse dilemma. They were born and raised during the darkest era of Nigeria’s economic history, characterised by greed, misrule, recklessness in the management of national resources, deprivation marginalisation in the name of QUOTA SYSTEM and unbridled poverty in the midst of plenty. They were indeed born into a culture of institutionalised corruption in every facet of the national life and were psychologically sedated to imbibe the lifestyle of greed, selfishness, fraud, examination malpractice, a get-rich-quick-at-all-cost mentality, disrespect for law and order. These are Nigeria’s endangered youth population, to who Nigeria must restitute to secure its future.

Ethnicity and lack of National consciousness

Our multi-ethnicity has been one of our greatest assets as a nation. It has also been our greatest challenge in the process of nation building. There is a low national consciousness and loyalty. Nigerians often refer to themselves, first as Northerners, Southerners, Yoruba, Igbo, Hausa, Ijaw, and Efik, before seeing themselves as Nigerians. To them, being Nigerian is secondary. This can not be said of the American or even the Ghanaian. This speaks volumes and will remain a major challenge to the enterprising Nigerian youth who stand the risk of being reminded any day, anywhere in his motherland that he/she is a stranger, whose landmark contributions to national development can be deliberately sidelined because of where he/she comes from


  1. This is a true picture of the situation on ground.
    Horrifying? I bet you; it will even get messier unless we collectively do something positive to reverse the trend now.
    Professor Chuks E. Ezedum
    Executive Director, Center for Entrepreneurship and Development Research
    University of Nigeria, Nsukka

  2. U want a comment? Not from me!

  3. This comment has been removed by the author.

  4. i think the only source/cause of the itemized problems above is "BAD LEADERSHIP".So,our leaders/Politicians should "STOP" talking but act fast to put an end to these mess otherwise the messier it becomes.

  5. Bowflex dumbbells have been chosen because the dumbbell of preference
    thanks to it is basic safety and wide variety of fat alternatives it provides.

    Here is my web blog:

  6. Most of the movements concerned in the boxing exercise routines will be related to your aerobic work out, therefore it goes without having declaring that normal exercise of boxing workout routines will improve the versatility within your entire body.

    Here is my web-site :: weights dumbells

  7. Very energetic post, I enjoyed that a lot. Will there be a part

    Feel free to visit my website; Raspberry Ketone

  8. It can be workout through which you power your entire body to guidance
    fat (your personal included) while training.

    Look into my web blog;

  9. I'd strongly recommend that you simply use and have at ease with any bit of workout devices well before purchasing it.

    Also visit my page ... adjustable dumbbell set

  10. No extra functioning about for locating a good fitness center or
    simply a very good teacher, and throwing away useful time that
    you just could have used at home.

    Feel free to visit my page ... adjustable dumbbells

  11. Do you think you're setting up to acquire a motorized treadmill for yourself?

    Feel free to surf to my page; related resource site

  12. Don't be surprised which they you should not seem whatever such as circular or hexagonal dumbbells you often find in fitness centers and exercise centers.

    Feel free to visit my webpage - Learn Even more Here

  13. Although you might uncover bargains at discounted merchants and large sporting supplies retailers, very little will out do the awareness and pricing you will get from conditioning retailers.

    Feel free to visit my blog ... simply click the following page

  14. Lots of the devices were being adapted from earlier apps.

    Feel free to visit my web blog: weights and dumbbells for sale

  15. The easy motion and quiet motor with the Lifestyler 2800 treadmill makes it a desire for "taking your mind off matters.

    Here is my webpage - dumbbell sets

  16. Your Data is so Useful.

    Here is my web site lose body fat build muscle same time

  17. make sure you are you able to tell me what consume ahead of and following exercise and when i need to have to consume my health supplement?

    Also visit my web-site - six pack shortcuts free download pdf

  18. if you read the text youd find "The Backyard Lose is made from Finnish pine and safety glass and equipped with automatic openers to control the temperature inside" along with the last image clearly shows what
    the mullions are for, you can possess a little, or alot.

    my page; cheap arrow sheds

  19. Perhaps its just the region I'm in, but how occur a lot more services women and men usually do not wear their uniforms offbase/home/ on depart?

    Also visit my homepage - female mind mastery review

  20. I did my zoom at Dr Brands office and I love it!
    I use to use the residence kits all the time. Let me tell you, your wasting your time.
    Get zoom done.

    Stop by my site; dental pro 7 ingredients

  21. Im nevertheless ready for any reply on how am i able
    to acquire the ginger oil Thank you

    my homepage jillian michaels weight loss tips that work

  22. Just what exactly would you do on your back?

    My homepage: adjustable dumbbells

  23. Indirectly, you work your forearms and think it, or "don't",
    your neck.

    Also visit my page; Personal Site

  24. Not only that, but they choose up a lot less room in your house, they do wonders for balance and
    coordination, and give considerably more selection than boring equipment and free
    of charge weights.

    Also visit my blog :: bowflex selecttech 552

  25. You should utilize it was just your system pounds, you can use resistance from a doorjamb or maybe
    a tree stump as well as most innovative approach will be to use isometric
    exercise tools or as it is also referred to an
    isometric health club.

    Feel free to surf to my website :: mouse click the following internet site

  26. Additionally, it has plans these kinds of as calorie plans, time
    trials, and physical fitness assessments to help him reach the bodyweight or fitness
    condition that he wishes.

    Also visit my blog -

  27. Thanks for the marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it, you can be a great author.
    I will remember to bookmark your blog and will come back very
    soon. I want to encourage you continue your great job, have a nice weekend!

    my webpage: Batman Games Online

  28. The pack of Black - Berry Play - Book Tablet 64Gb is included with a screen wipe,
    a pouch case with foam based material, charger, USB cable,
    and instruction guide. That partnership included the expansion
    of Adobe products, primarily the Creative Suite and Flash, on Research
    In Motion devices. Apple products include the Iphones, Ipads and Ipods all at competitive

    Here is my website blackberry playbook review

  29. Most traditional dumbbells have been created to be lifted with
    just one hand which would exercise a person or each
    side within your human body, dependent on which side you

    My web blog;

  30. Thank you for every other excellent article. The place else could
    anybody get that type of info in such a perfect means of writing?

    I have a presentation next week, and I'm on the look for such info.

    my homepage :: home cellulite treatment

  31. The device is certainly worth considering, even at the full retail price and with only a $200 discount on the contract, it might make sense to consider paying the full retail.
    , the Samsung Galaxy S came in one available option, which also
    became a huge hit. They are Vodafone, Virgin, T-Mobile, Orange, O2 and Three.

    my homepage; samsung galaxy tab

  32. Samsung Galaxy s3 is the latest version of Android, a whopping 4.
    Note 2 adopts the same cover material of Samsung Galaxy S3
    to make its rear cover, hence strengthening fashionable aesthetic feelings,
    but devoid of flexibility that Note has. The design of the phone with slightly
    round configuration makes it common to the looks of the Samsung Galaxy Nexus.

  33. I absolutely love your site.. Pleasant colors & theme.
    Did you create this amazing site yourself?
    Please reply back as I'm looking to create my own personal site and would love to find out where you got this from or just what the theme is called. Thanks!

    Review my blog post ... basyx tables

  34. Furthermore, there are options to these rings
    for those that come to feel that their vow of abstinence is strictly a particular challenge, as opposed
    to a community one. Shell cameos are carved from a single piece of shell.
    Additionally, there are alternatives to these rings for those who feel that their vow of abstinence is strictly a personal issue, rather
    than a public one.

    Here is my homepage: promise rings jared

  35. Tungsten rings can be worn as a wedding band, couple rings, promise ring or fashion ring.
    Other forms of Christian jewelry can serve as alternatives
    to the a ring. The historical origins of the friendship rings stretches back to the Ancient world.

    My blog:

  36. hi am all by yourself and need to have a man,
    in case you are intrigued you could im me on yahoo, my id is
    jen4rmdblock112 but you've got to tell me how you received my id 1st, hope to hear from you

    my web site: facebook dating

  37. Many thanks for sharing so many recipes in the exact same location.
    I love Chicken Curry. I'm gonna make it tonight.
    -Slow Cooker

    Look into my web page - metabolic cooking ruel download

  38. You will discover, nonetheless, some suggestions it's essential to keep in mind when making use of dumbbells so that you can stay clear of injuries and accidents.

    Feel free to surf to my web-site - cheap free weights for sale

  39. It can help you in your business life, school, or personal life.
    Fadell has worked with Steve Jobs for several years and architected Apple's i - Pod and the first few versions of the i - Phone, some of the most successful consumer electronics products in our time. This keeps your unit from having to work so hard to heat the water.

    Here is my web blog - nest thermostat review

  40. If you have to, be certain to use make-up that's hypoallergenic. When the pores are clogged, bacteria will then produce an infection at that site resulting in acne-type lesions. Using alcohol more frequently than once daily could cause skin to peel or become irritated. There are numerous ingredients in your own kitchen (and bathroom) that may be used to effectively treat acne.

    Feel free to visit my webpage :: argan oil acne (

  41. The vitamins and minerals they provide are very important
    to your body's proper functioning. A woman's rest
    time in between strength training sets for optimum fat loss.
    This enzime is the spark plug of the mitochondria engine.
    A further fascinating thing concerning Rob Poulos' Fat Burning Furnace is that it's suitable
    for a wide range of men and women including the beginner to intermediates as well
    as experts.

    My web site: Foods For Burning Fat

  42. Once you understand a few uncomplicated issues to maintain in
    intellect, it is possible to take it easy and retail outlet
    on your cardiovascular's information, with out that anxiety of doing the unsuitable decision or ending up with a bracelet that is not proper available for you. The instrument used to estimate a diamond is 'LOUPE.
    Silver rings are something of a craze among the couples because they are relatively cheaper than other metals.

    Also visit my weblog: promise rings his and hers set

  43. Having said that, if you're getting because you plainly "really like" the piece, then determining the type of cameo and also the value aren't almost as vital.
    The only day that is more exciting than that is when she
    chooses the ring that signifies mutual love for a lifetime ' his and hers wedding rings that perfectly match in every facet and detail. But if MTV wanted some kind of controversy, British comedian Russell Brand definitely delivered.

    Have a look at my website; promise rings 10k white gold (

  44. An alternative for acne medication (along with the subsequent reduced social anxiety) comes within the
    form of treatments that will make use of salicylic acid. Created to carefully exfoliate through usage of jojoba beads, this cleanser may also have skin regenerating properties with the addition of grape
    seed oil. The side of my face that received the baking soda application is slightly smoother than
    the other, but both feel smoother than usual. There are numerous ingredients within your own kitchen (and bathroom) that might
    be used to effectively treat acne.

    my weblog ... acne clinic

  45. Don't forget to ask for authenticity certificate for your diamond rings. Mens diamond rings are available for these occasions as well as the engagement and the actual wedding. In addition to being a piece of decoration for the human, it also carried with it a cultural and religious significance in certain communities.

    Feel free to surf to my web-site: promise rings 100 dollars under

  46. (If it makes you feel better you will have time to upgrade
    the ring while she sleeps). Having personal contacts with the jeweler is extremely important in case you need
    to resize or modify the ring. Since the 16th century nonetheless, items have modified somewhat.

    Also visit my web page - webpage

  47. The nutrients in Carrots could be known to stop acne and repair current blemishes.

    Take a very small area of this and apply hardly any water to thin against
    each other a bit. The easiest way for you to be in a position to do this would be to go around the master cleanse.
    Inside your typical pharmacy, you will discover a variety
    of treatments for acne along with other skin disease, and not all of them will
    contain salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide.

    Feel free to visit my web page; acne laser scar removal

  48. This therapeutic system has the solution in your acne symptoms.

    When the pores are clogged, bacteria will then produce disease at that site leading to acne-type
    lesions. Homosalate isn't a medication, but a chemical ingredient in lots of prescription and over-the-counter products. One from the best things about this product is who's can decrease the inflammation and redness of the acne pustules besides erasing the scarring
    and discoloration for the skin.

    Also visit my webpage; acne id

  49. I do not understand how you think of diet regime pills but last year my friend's mum purchased diet program tea using the hope to drop some pounds. This type of tea was marketed in well-known journals and Tv channels. She finished up obtaining diarrhea. So I am scared of something known as "diet" pills, "diet tea", etc.
    Phyllis J. McNeal from health and fitness certification.

    Feel free to visit my blog - mike chang insane home fat loss download

  50. I have started a Leangains-type routine based on your posts
    and Martin's web site, but haven't completely moved in to the fasted
    exercise, drinking BCAA drinks, and so on.
    , mildew and probably won't. (see Martin's internet site along with
    the fasted exercise submit) To date, I'm truly enjoying the lifting, as I was obtaining sick and tired of my modified Physique By Science regime and my gains there were slowing way down. Deadlift exercise tonight, and I'm seeking ahead to it!

    my page: precision nutrition lean eating coaching program reviews

  51. Purchasing a promise ring is easy in case you know what you are searching for.

    They will have amazing diamond rings that they are more than
    willing to sell for a reduced cost. Anyway, here are some other famous couples that have chosen unique ways of staking claim on their partners, after the jump.

    Check out my homepage ... promise rings men

  52. Tungsten rings can be worn as a wedding band, couple rings, promise ring or fashion ring.
    And so they're grown inside lagoons of tiny islands which might be part of a group referred to as French Polynesia. As emerald is an expensive gem they usually come in shapes that help in retaining maximum weight from raw stone.

    Also visit my web page ... promise rings for $70

  53. Suffering from an oily face, they apply non-dermatological products to prevent acne.
    One with the products available within the market nowadays is generally known as
    Bio Oil, the acne scar removal solution for a problem. The
    relationship between acne occurrence and diet has been established by
    many researchers. This requires acute attention when
    consuming foods after a while.

    Have a look at my homepage - acne

  54. Make this Christmas memorable with a promise ring stocking stuffer.
    There are many that have a heart or even two hearts intertwined with each other, representing
    the couple has given their heart to their significant other.
    And this is what is being done by using Promise Rings.

    My webpage :: web site

  55. Women, if a man gives you a promise ring, be cautious.
    Also, some individuals are unable to have their tongue accurately pierced thanks
    to your orientation of necessary nerves and blood vessels.
    Silver rings are something of a craze among the couples because they are relatively cheaper than other

    my blog - web site

  56. because i was traditionally taught until
    this was a teenage thing. When researching the causes of your respective breakouts,
    take into account the medications you're taking. I no longer have to think of my acne while speaking with someone. Cover your face with a thin layer of Elmer's glue, obviously, avoid your vision and mouth.

    Feel free to surf to my web blog; acne light (

  57. is attempting to throw the Christian i - Phone users demographic a bone.

    People are still talking about it today, even though she has had a
    whole new set of commitment rings (commitment, not wedding, people) with Brad Pitt.

    In addition to being a piece of decoration for the human, it also carried with it a cultural
    and religious significance in certain communities.

    Take a look at my webpage ... promise rings meaning for boyfriend (

  58. anonye , alexander cSeptember 3, 2013 at 11:14 AM

    so what are the possible solutions to the issues stated above?



  60. the youth world is as the older own only difference is it is in new form of behaviour

  61. eToro is the #1 forex broker for rookie and full-time traders.

  62. Forex Trendy is an advanced program capable of recognizing the most reliable continuation chart patterns. It scans through all the charts, on all time frames and analyzes every potential breakout.